学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所

[2013-4] Yamashita, T. et al., Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 45, 1042-1050 (2013)

The role of polyamines at the G1/S boundary and in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle was studied using synchronized HeLa cells treated with thymidine or with thymidine and aphidicolin. Synchronized cells were cultured in the absence or presence of a-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, plus ethylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone) (EGBG), an inhibitor of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase. When polyamine content was reduced by treatment with DFMO and EGBG, the transition from G1 to S phase was delayed. In parallel, the level of p27Kip1 was greatly increased, so its mechanism was studied in detail. Synthesis of p27Kip1 was stimulated at the level of translation by a decrease in polyamine levels, because of the existence of long 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) in p27Kip1 mRNA. Similarly, the transition from the G2/M to the G1 phase was delayed by a reduction in polyamine levels. In parallel, the number of multinucleate cells increased by 3-fold. This was parallel with the inhibition of cytokinesis due to an unusual distribution of actin and a-tubulin at the M phase. Since an association of polyamines with chromosomes was not observed by immunofluorescence microscopy at the M phase, polyamines may have only a minor role in structural changes of chromosomes at the M phase. In general, the involvement of polyamines at the G2/M phase was smaller than that at the G1/S boundary.

学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所