学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所

[2016-1] Nakamura, M. et al., Atherosclerosis 244, 131-137 (2016)

Background and purpose: N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors have a high permeability to Ca2+, contributing to neuronal cell death after stroke. We recently found that acrolein produced from polyamines is a major toxic compound during stroke. Thus, it was determined whether over-accumulation of Ca2+ increases the production of acrolein from polyamines in a photochemically-induced thrombosis mouse model of stroke and in cell culture systems.

Methods: A unilateral infarction was induced in mouse brain by photoinduction after injection of Rose Bengal. The volume of the infarction was analyzed using the public domain National Institutes of Health image program. Protein-conjugated acrolein levels at the locus of infarction and in cells were measured by Western blotting. Levels of polyamines were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography.

Results: When the size of brain infarction was decreased by N1, N4, N8-tribenzylspermidine, a channel blocker of the NMDA receptors, levels of Ca2+ and protein-conjugated acrolein (PC-Acro) were reduced, while levels of polyamines were increased at the locus of infarction. When cell growth of mouse mammary carcinoma FM3A cells and neuroblastoma Neuro2a cells was inhibited by Ca2+, the level of polyamines decreased, while that of PC-Acro increased. It was also shown that Ca2+ toxicity was decreased in an acrolein toxicity decreasing FM3A mutant cells recently isolated. In addition, 20-40 µM Ca2+ caused the release of polyamines from ribosomes. The results indicate that acrolein is produced from polyamines released from ribosomes through Ca2+ increase.

Conclusion: The results indicate that toxicity of Ca2+ during brain infarction is correlated with the increase of acrolein.

 

学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所