学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所

[2020-6] Sridharan, A. et al., J. Invest. Dermatol 140, 2032 (2020)

Hyperpigmentary conditions can arise when melanogenesis in the epidermis is misregulated. Understanding the pathways underlying melanogenesis is essential for the development of effective treatments. Here, we report that a group of metabolites called polyamines are important in the control of melanogenesis in human skin. Polyamines are cationic molecules present in all cells and are essential for cellular function. We report that polyamine regulator ODC1 is upregulated in melanocytes from melasma lesional skin. We report that the polyamine putrescine can promote pigmentation in human skin explants and primary normal human epidermal melanocytes through induction of tyrosinase which is rate-limiting for the synthesis of melanin. Putrescine supplementation on normal human epidermal melanocytes results in the activation of polyamine catabolism, which results in increased intracellular H2O2. Polyamine catabolism is also increased in human skin explants that have been treated with putrescine. We further report that inhibition of polyamine catabolism prevents putrescine-induced promotion of tyrosinase levels and pigmentation in normal human epidermal melanocytes, showing that polyamine catabolism is responsible for the putrescine induction of melanogenesis. Our data showing that putrescine promotes pigmentation has important consequences for hyperpigmented and hypopigmented conditions. Further understanding of how polyamines control epidermal pigmentation could open the door for the development of new therapeutics.

学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所