学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所

[2018-11] Igarashi, K. and Kashiwagi, K., J. Biol. Chem. 293, 18702-18709 (2018)

The polyamines (PA) putrescine, spermidine, and spermine have numerous roles in the growth of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. For example, it is well known that putrescine and spermidine are strongly involved in proliferation and viability of Escherichia coli cells. Studies of polyamine functions and distributions in E. coli cells have revealed that polyamines mainly exist as an RNA-polyamine complex. Polyamines stimulate the assembly of 30S ribosomal subunits and thereby increase general protein synthesis 1.5- to 2.0-fold. Moreover, these studies have shown that polyamines stimulate synthesis of 20 different proteins at the level of translation, which are strongly involved in cell growth and viability. The genes encoding these 20 different proteins were termed as the “polyamine modulon.” We here review the mechanism of activation of 30S ribosomal subunits and stimulation of specific proteins. Other functions of polyamines in E. coli are also described.

学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所