学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所

[2019-1] Igarashi, K. and Kashiwagi, K., Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 107, 104-115 (2019)

Polyamines, consisting of putrescine, spermidine and spermine are essential for normal cell growth and viability in eukaryotic cells. Since polyamines are cations, they interact with DNA, ATP, phospholipids, specific kinds of proteins, and especially with RNA. Consequently, the functions of these acidic compounds and some proteins are modified by polyamines. In this review, the functional modifications of these molecules by polyamines are presented. Structural change of specific mRNAs by polyamines causes the stimulation of the synthesis of several different proteins, which are important for cell growth and viability. eIF5 A, the only known protein containing a spermidine derivative, i.e. hypusine, also functions at the level of translation. Experimental results thus far obtained strongly suggest that the most important function of polyamines is at the level of translation.

学術論文|株式会社アミンファーマ研究所